Have you ever thought to visit Russia? It is a huge country, you may say, so it can be a little confusing knowing where to start. Well fear not, here are 5 must-see places you should go to in the first place. follow this guide and you won’t regret it.
The Red Square, Moscow
This is the main square of the whole country with different historical buildings. Saint Basil’s Cathedral, the State History Museum, Lenin’s Mausoleum, and Eastern Kremlin Wall, and other buildings – all worth to see. The name “Red” means neither the red bricks nor as a reference to communism. Because the square has been changing its colors and rebuilding a couple of times since the 15 century. The word “red” in Russian means the color as well as “beautiful”, so historically the name of the square was “Beautiful Square”. As a result, it has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
Initially, the square was built to facilitate trade and create the city’s marketplace. Nowadays, it is more like a landmark and the most known symbol of Russia even though it still has so-called Middle Trade Rows and Upper Trade Rows (nowadays, called GUM department store) – main trading areas. At Christmas time the square turns into a huge ice-rink with a beautiful atmospheric market in typical Russian style. So, if you want to experience the Russian winter and culture that is the best time to come and visit the Red Square.
Petergof, Saint Petersburg
Peterhof is a large complex 50 km from St. Petersburg, famous all over the world for its unique fountains and luxurious palace chambers. Historically, it was the residence of Peter I, who traveled a lot and dreamed of a palace on the shores of the Baltic Sea, surrounded by a garden with many fountains, similar to those he visited in Europe.
The complex was built at the beginning of 18th century and in the 19th century they added many buildings for the constantly-growing Romanov family in Peterhof. The huge and varied museum complex unites Peterhof, Oranienbaum, Alexandria, the palace of Peter I in Strelna, Tsaritsyn and Holguin islands. But the soul of Peterhof is still the magnificent complex fountains.
With almost 4000ha of land and plenty of palaces and fountains, Petergof is worth seeing and spending at least 1 whole day there. UNESCO declared Petergof a World Heritage Site since 1990.
Visit Russia: Kul Sharif Mosque, Kazan
The most famous mosque in Kazan – Kul Sharif – is the main cathedral mosque of the Republic of Tatarstan and Kazan. In the middle of the 16th century, during the battles and wars between Moscow and Kazan, the mosque burned down along with the entire city. It hasn’t been rebuilt until recently when the grand opening took place in 2005 for the 1000th anniversary of the city. The mosque looks spectacular in any weather, at any time of the day, outside and inside.
For tourists, there are special balconies and a museum of Islamic culture. Fantastically beautiful interior decoration, Czech glass chandeliers, patterned carved balconies. At the entrance, you can get scarfs and capes if your clothes do not meet the requirements (in the mosque, knees, shoulders, and neckline must be covered).
Visit Russia: The Motherland Calls Statue, Volgograd
Monument “Motherland Calls!” was erected in 1967 with a height of 82 meters. At the time of its construction, it was the tallest statue in the world exceeding The Statue of Liberty by 2.5 times. Nowadays, it is one of the top 10 tallest statues in the world. You can find this statue in Mamayev Kurgan, Volgograd.
Monument “Motherland Calls!” – part of a sculptural triptych, includes the monuments “Rear Front” in Magnitogorsk and “Soldier-Liberator” in Berlin’s Treptower Park. The Magnitogorsk sculptural composition depicts a worker who hands over a sword he has forged to a warrior. And the German monument – a victorious soldier with a rescued child in his arms and a lowered sword. The monument in Volgograd is a commemoration of Soviet soldiers of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942-43.
Visit Russia: The Baikal Lake, Siberia
Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume, containing 20% of the world’s freshwater. It is granted as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A favourable time to relax on Lake Baikal is from mid-July to mid-August. At other times in the year, it becomes cold in the coastal area, and the conditions are more suitable for fans of extreme recreation. But even in summer, the weather can plummet with a brisk wind throughout the day and night. An important condition for a safe trip is a detailed travel route.
The most visited destinations for tourists are the Circum-Baikal Railway, Sandy Bay, Listvyanka village, the Maloye Sea coast, Sandy Bay, the western coast of Olkhon, the coast near the city of Severobaikalsk. Other places that can be reached by SUV are also popular.
There are still a lot of discussions about the origin, age, and what is deep inside the lake. Undoubtedly, the lake attracts many tourists, which also explains the bunch of tours in any season.